Paris 26.04.2017, article written by Alejandro Ronard Alem.- In spite of having elections during a State of Emergency and maximal terrorist alert, the French voted massively last Sunday 23 of April in the first round of the elections to the Presidency of the Republic. With 21% abstention, the citizen´s mobilization demonstrated that the latest terrorist acts did not influence their will to vote.
The result speaks for itself, the centrist and pro-European Emmanuel Macron obtained 23.75% of the vote, and he will face in the second round the candidate of the right-wing Marine Le Pen that obtained 21.53% of votes.
As the investigation to catch the terrorists of the Champs Elysees is progressing, the police, the Gendarmery and the French Army were redeployed in a dynamic force of 57,500 troops.
By doing so the government amplified the Sentinel Operation. In the protection of the commune and its population, French President Francois Hollande is the protector of the Republic and the French people.
Attorney Francois Molins, speaking about the assassination in the Champs Elysees, introduces a strong statement: “Let us be humble in dealing with the grave facts that we are experiencing and let the anti-terrorist institutions do their work.”
As for the link between the killer Karim Cheurfi and Daech, investigators continue to seek direct links.
Cheurfi is a criminal with four convictions, one conviction up to 15 years of prison, for violence and attempted murder of representatives of the public force.
Karim Cheurfi in his anti-police madness, was looking for a showdown with police, and ultimately he managed to pass through surveillance forces and commit his crime. And that leaves a bitter taste in French security agencies.
In 2016 more than 16 bombings were disarmed, dismantling terrorist cells, capturing a large amount of weapons and explosives.
The means in the fight against terrorism have increased from year to year.
More than 8440 jobs between gendarmerie and police, a thousand new posts were created for the treatment of cybernetic information.
New materials and armament for counter-terrorism units and Sentinel force surveillance units.
And while the state’s legal arms have been reinforced, cases like that of Karim Cheurfi, a 39-year-old Frenchman, while he was under the control of a Juvenile Enforcement Judge (JAP) in the city of Meaux, traveled to Algeria to get married without permission from the Judge and after returning to France, the Judge did not think it appropriate to send him back to jail.
Faced with the police scolding that this information produced, union officials of the public force understand that these failures are inherent to the democratic system and claim once again to pay attention to individuals where the psychiatric profile reveals true murderers of police.
Karin Cheurfi was not included in an S file of the radicalized yihadists, but in another file given its recidivism and dangerousness and nevertheless committed an irreparable terrorist act. Investigators also will eventually find the clue that determines how he managed to get a Kalashnikov weapon.
Daech’s statement via his Amaq agency claiming the act, but its statement leaves an area of doubts when speaking of Abou Joussef the Belgian. Cheurfi has not been identified with Belgium and all the experts wonder if there has been no confusion and another character is in the loose or piloted the operation.
Xavier Jugelé is the name of the police killed in the Champs Elysees, was 37 years old and was originally from the Loir-et-Cher region. He served in a company within the Direction of Public Order in Paris . Xavier Jugelé was a man respected for his work and citizen commitment. He was actively involved in the LGBT association Flag, that defends the homosexual policemen and gendarmes.
Last Tuesday, the government and the entire political class paid him a national homage in the Police Prefecture of Paris.
The issue of terrorism was little present in the first round of elections. The agenda was more about scandals and economic fraud, the struggle inside the political forces, particularly in the republican right, all this reduced the quality of the debate.
In the last days of the presidential campaign, the programs of each candidate could be compared briefly and the discussion was based on social issues, mainly economic and European.
The attack on the Champs Elysees led to the recovery of the issue in question (terrorism) and Marine Le Pen was the one most active to raise the issue. She thinks it is necessary the expulsion of all convicted aliens, the incarceration of S signatures, the restoration of borders and elimination of nationality for bi-national terrorists. Mrs. Le Pen also sustains the need of leaving NATO, reconsider the deployment of the French troops in the world and the approach to Russia in the Syrian conflict . She is against globalization and is in favor of exiting the European Union.
With the anti-terrorist laws voted by Parliament, the continuous reinforcement of prerrogatives given to the Administration, the Police and Information and Intelligence Services, the provisions of the State of Emergency inscribed under common law, the French anti-terrorist apparatus is the most complete and powerful in Europe.
Then what can the candidates propose and how to demarcate and mark the public opinion?
Emmanuel Macron thinks that the reverse of closing borders and making the immigrant the head of all evil especially terrorism is a mistake.
Macron says that the key to success against terrorism lies in promoting an ambitious Europe that invests and protects, in a generous and open France.
The priorities of his Security and Defense program can be summarized; in the International arena he proposes to continue to be inscribed within a strategy to maintain the fight for Peace and the fight against the Islamic terrorism. To reinforce Europe and the Common Defense, and to continue in the NATO. In regard to France, Mr. Macron sustains that Internal Security passes through the consequent investment in the forces, its reorganization, to respect the Secularism and to restore in all the national territory the authority of the State.
In the development of Mr. Macron´s military and security program, the current Minister of Defense Jean-Yves Le Drian has evidently played an essential and decisive role. Also played a role Jean-Michel Fauvergue, former commander of the RAID (Police Academy) whose intervention has stood out in the front line of the confrontation against terrorism in these last years will be candidate to Deputy by the movement “In March” of Macron.
But if in the first round the issue of security and terrorism were little present in the discussion of the candidates, surely in these 15 days that separate us from the final vote, security and terrorism are already one of the central issues of the campaign.
Public security and the incidence of private security in the treatment and prevention of terrorism has been poorly addressed by the candidates.
France has 177,000 public security workers in the private sector, 144,000 police and gendarmes and 98,000 military personnel. It is evident that the treatment, the specialization, the framing and salary protection of the security forces deserves an urgent and particular treatment.
The police unions have called for a demonstration in homage to the murdered police Xavier Jugelé, today Wednesday, where they will also express their discontent and their labor claims.
This atypical election in the recent history of France shows once again the absence of the bi-partisan system of left and right, and confirms four political forces with strong presence in the citizen’s vote.
In the precursor country of human rights, the level of votes of the extreme right that consolidates and the score of the extreme left has to make reflect the French political class.
But the good news for Europeans is that the majority of the French people are resolutely pro-European, and that a new generation of politicians launched a centrist- style revolution with strong social-democrat inspiration.
Undoubtedly the next President of the French Republic will be a young politician , Emmanuel Macron. Europe breathes and gains confidence, but the tendency of the vote in the first round will have to be confirmed next May 7th.